时间：2020-10-14 16:02:49 来源：作者：匿名
I think that you can pass the exam.
I don’t know what the word means.
I don’t know what the word means.I don’t know where he found the book.
1. 与or not连用:I don’t know whether it’s raining or not.
2. 与动词不定式连用:He doesn’t know whether to accept the invitation.
3. 连接词前有介词时:It depends on whether he is coming.
先行词指人 who /that先行词指物 which/ that,定语从句一般紧跟被修饰的名词或代词(即先行词)后
2. Whose :
指人或物,作定语,表示 “…的”eg: Harry is the boy whose mother is our math teacher.
比如:两个宾语从句选项A选项what was Miss Lin doing和C选项what dose Miss Lin do中主语和疑问词之间有助动词和be动词,所以都是要删掉,也就是说这两个选项排除
① When ---当……时候, 通常指某一特定的时间点,主句与从句的动作同时发生。
② When --- 正在……的时候,突然…。通常主句是进行时或 be about to 时,在翻译的时候,when 可以译成没想到或突然。
③ When 当从句是进行时,主句是一般时,往往表示不满。
例:Someone knocked at the door when I was having breakfast.
④ While ---在……期间,往往指一段时间。
例:While we were inAmerica, we saw him twice.
⑤ While ---表示一种不满情绪,意思是这边在干某种重要的事,而另一边在享受等。
例:We are cleaning the classroom while they are playing the football.
⑥ As 一边……一边, 随着
例:She was doing her homework as she was listening to the music.
例:As I was going out, it began to rain.
⑧ The moment --- 一……就…… =as soon as , immediately
例:---Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?
---Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.
引导状语从句的连接词有:If如果, unless除非, as long as只要, As (so) far as --- 据……所知,in case万一, provided that假如, on condition that若是,以…为条件
① If ---如果If you don’t hurry up, you will miss the plane.
② Unless --- 如果不, 除非=if not
例:We can’t get there on time unless we book the earliest flight
③ As long as --- 只要
例:We will succeed as long as we keep on trying.
④ As (so) far as --- 据……所知
例:As far as I know, he speaks English very well.
⑤ In case --- 假使, 如果
例:The plane cannot take off in case it rains.
地点状语从句只有两个连词: Where, wherever。
① Where --- 在……地方
例:Where there is a will, there is a way.
② Wherever --- 无论哪里
例:Wherever you are, I will be right there waiting for you.
because, as, since, now that, 和considering that, seeing that 这六个连词都用于表示表示原因, 但在语气上一个比一个弱.
① Because --- 因为,通常从句放在主句后。
例:Mr Smith was very upset because he couldn’t find his luggage.
② As --- 因为, 通常放在句首
例:As he is honest and modest, all his friends like him.
③ Since ---既然 因语气较弱, 常译为既然(众所周知的原因)
例:Since everybody has come, we can set off.
④ Now that --- 既然
例:Now that you are here, you can join us.
引导结果状语从句的连词有:that, so that, so…that…
① such…that So… that --- 太……以至于 so 后面应用形容词或副词, 有时省略so只用that
例:Boeing 747 is so large that people like to call it jet bomb喷气炸弹.
② So that --- 因而,以便,为了 有时so 可以省去
例:Speak louder please so that the people at the back can hear you.
③ Such …that… ---太……以至于 用法与so…that相同,但such 后面应用名词。
例:The foreign visitor was such a fast speaker that nobody could understand him.
引导目的状语从句的主要连词有: that, so that, in order that, for fear that, lest
① (So) that --- 以便, 从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等。
例:Let’s take the front seats (so) that we may see more clearly.
② in order that --- 为了, 与so that 相同从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等
例:School was closed early in order that the children might go home ahead of the storm.
③ for fear that --- 生怕; 为了防止(某事发生)
例:He took the name down for fear that he should forget it.
④ in case --- 万一
例:You should bring a dictionary in case you need it.
引导让步状语从句的连词有:Although, though, as, even if, even though, no matter, however, whatever, while, whether.
① Although, though ---虽然 although 和though 可以互换,但although 常放在句首。Though可以用于倒装。
例:Although it was raining, the plane managed to take off.Though he did his best, he didn’t succeed.
② As --- 尽管 as 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装。可与though 互换。
例:Busy as he is, he never misses a football match.
③ Even if /even though ---即使
例:Even if you don’t like your boss, you should do your work.
④ However --- 不论, however 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装
例:He couldn’t get there on time however fast he drove.
⑤ No matter (what, when, where, how) ---无论(什么,何时,何地,怎样)
例:He wouldn’t forgive me no matter how hard I begged him.
方式状语从句常由: as, as if, as though
① as ---与…… 一样
例:Do in Rome as the Romans do.
② as if, as though --- 仿佛, 由as if或 as though引导的从句中可用虚拟语气
例:She stood at the door as if (=as though) she were waiting for someone.
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