时间：2020-11-16 09:38:01 来源：作者：cj
表示方式或方位的副词或介词短语，如here，there，now，then，up，down，in，away，off，out，in the room，on the wall等置于句首时，句子用完全倒装。
John opened the door.There_stood a girl he had never seen before.
Away they went.
Only with the greatest of luck did_she_manage_to_escape from therising flood waters.
(2)否定副词never，nor，not，hardly，little，seldom，scarcely，rarely及表否定意义的介词短语at no time，under/in no circumstances，in no case，by no means，on no condition等置于句首时。
Never before have I had such a special drink!
The headmaster will not permit the change in the course，nor_will_he even give it a thought.
(4)hardly...when...，no sooner...than...，not only...but also...等连接两个句子且hardly，no sooner，not only位于句首时，前一个句子用部分倒装，后一个句子不倒装。
The computer was used in teaching.As a result，not only was_teachers'_energy_saved，but students became more interested in the lessons.
Such_great_progress did he make that he was praised.
Try as she might，Sue couldn't get the door open.
It is not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do that benefits our work most.
The patient looks much better.What is it that has made him what he is today?
It was not_until_she_took_off her dark glasses that I realized she was a famous film star.
1．在when，while，whenever，till，as soon as，if，unless，as if，though，as等引导的状语从句中，若谓语部分含有be动词，而主语又与主句主语相同或主语是it时，从句的主语和be动词常被省略。
Film has a much shorter history，especially when compared to such art forms as music and painting.
2．I'm afraid，I think，I believe，I hope，I guess等作答句，后面跟so与not分别等于肯定或否定，宾语从句可省去。
—Do you think it will rain?
—I_hope_so/not (that it will rain/not rain) .
My friends have no intention of going shopping with me.
[名师指津] 主语后跟有with，together with，as well as，like，but，except，along with，rather than，including，in addition to等引起的短语时，谓语动词的数要与前面的主语保持一致。
Mr.Smith，together with his wife and daughters，is_going_to_visit Beijing this summer.史密斯先生和他的妻子、女儿们今年夏天将要一起游览北京。
(1)由or，either...or...，neither...nor...，not only...but also...等连接的并列主语，谓语动词常与最近的主语在单复数上保持一致。
Either you or one of your students is_to_attend the meeting that is due tomorrow.
There is a pencil and two pens in the pencilbox.
The writer and teacher Smith has_gone_through millions of ups and downs since he moved to Sydney.
(2)"no/each/every/many a＋单数名词＋and＋no/each/every/many a＋单数名词"作主语，谓语动词用单数。
Every man and every woman has_a_good_reason to be proud of the work done by their fathers.
1．Barbara is easy to recognize as she's the only one of the women who ________(wear) evening dress.
2．Not only I but also Jane and Mary ________(be) tired of having one examination after another.
3．Nodding head ________(mean) agreement.
4．The Times ________(publish) in the United States，which ________ (be) one of the most developed countries in the world.
5．My brother is one of the students who ________(choose) to join the force.
6．This is because two thirds of the earth's surface ________(be) made up of vast oceans.
7．A great number of students in this school ________(be) League members.
8．The total number of the population in China ________(be) about 1,320 million.
9．Between the two rows of trees ________(stand) the teaching building.
10．Mary，as well as her sisters，________(study) Chinese in China now.
11. A series of stimulus policies and supportive measures taken by the government ________(expect) to promote change in the economic environment in this area.
12．Fighting an artificial greenhouse effect seems to be the greatest of environmental challenges，________(do not) it?
13．The drug used to treat this disease causes bad side effects，some of which ________(be) deadly.
14．How many countries ________(be) the European Union made up of，do you know?
15．Oh，much smoke here! Somebody ________(open) the window，please.
答案 1.wears 2.are 3.means 4.is published；is 5．have been chosen 6.is 7.are 8.is 9.stands 10.is studying 11.is expected 12.doesn't it 13.are 14.is 15.open
1．The patients can be treated properly in this hospital only by increasing the number of doctors by 50 percent.
Only by increasing the number of doctors by 50 percent ____________________ ____________________________.
2．He didn't realize the love we have for our families is important until he went through real hardship.
Not until he went through real hardship _______________________ _________________________.
3．I will never make that mistake again.
________________ that mistake again.
4．I will speak to him again only when he apologizes for his rudeness.
Only when he apologizes for his rudeness ________________________.
5．If they should forget to bring a map with them，they would get lost in the woods.
________________ to bring a map with them，they would get lost in the woods.
6．I had no sooner gone out than it began to rain.
________________ than it began to rain.
7．I found it so difficult to work out the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice.
So difficult ________________ to work out the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice.
答案 1.can the patients be treated properly in this hospital
2．did he realize the love we have for our families is important
3．Never will I make 4.will I speak to him again 5.Should they forget 6.No sooner had I gone out 7.did I find it
1．Haven't seen you for ages.
2．I am happy if you are.
3．I meant to write to you，but forgot to.
4．They are going abroad soon，but I don't know when.
5．—When did you come back last night?
—It was not until 11 o'clock when the party ended.
6．When asked about his school life，Tim thought it colorful.
7．Unless asked to answer questions，the pupils won't talk in Mrs Smith's class.
8．—Why wasn't John hired for the job?
—I don't know，but he should have been.
9．Johnny wanted to ride his new bicycle in the street，but his mother told him not to.
10．The birth planning policy allows my parents to have a second child because of my disability，but to look after me，they chose not to.
答案 1.I haven't seen you for ages.
2．I am happy if you are happy.
3．I meant to write to you，but forgot to write_to_you.
4．They are going abroad soon，but I don't know when they_are_going_abroad.
5．—When did you come back last night?
—It was not until 11 o'clock when the party ended that_I_came_back.
6．When he_was asked about his school life，Tim thought it colorful.
7．Unless the_pupils_are asked to answer questions，the pupils won't talk in Mrs Smith's class.
8．—Why wasn't John hired for the job?
—I don't know，but he should have been hired.
9．Johnny wanted to ride his new bicycle in the street，but his mother told him not to ride.
10．The birth planning policy allows my parents to have a second child because of my disability，but to look after me，they chose not to have_a_second_child.
Nowadays，lots of children in rural areas can't live together with their parents working in other paces.On the whole，several factors result in the problem.Firstly，some parents1.________(强调谓语动词：的确担心) that it will influence their work if they really take the children along with them.Secondly,2.________(倒装：生活成本和教育费用如此高) in the place where parents work that they can't afford them.
In my opinion,3.________(强调句：父母和政府应为这个问题负责)．Besides，whatever difficulty we are faced with，we should take effective measures to solve the problem.
答案 1.do worry 2.so high are the living costs and education fees 3.it's the parents and government that are responsible for the problem
________________________ you learn English well.
Never ________________________ such a man.
Hardly ________________________ the telephone rang.
Not only ________________________ interested in football，but all his students are beginning to show an interest in it.
If you don't go，________________________.
答案 1.Only in this way can 2.have I seen 3.had he arrived home when 4.is the teacher himself 5.neither/nor shall I
答案 1.Only after he had spoken out the word did he realize he had made a big mistake.
2．When is it that our school will hold the sports meeting?
3．It was not until near the end of the letter that she mentioned her own plan.
4．It was with the help of the local guide that the mountain climber was rescued.
5．Do tell me the truth，or I can't help you.
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